An orthodontist does one of the most essential dental restorations. Their work is difficult and cannot be tackled by general dentists. As well as having excellent educational backgrounds, orthodontists gain a lot of experience in the course of study. In this article, we will discuss four main orthodontic issues that a competent orthodontist in the Miami Gardens clinic can guide you through. These are malocclusion, wide teeth gap, temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and bruxism. These orthodontic problems affect numerous people and they are described next.
This is a term used to describe misaligned teeth. Occlusion is all about the alignment of teeth and how your upper and lower teeth bite (fit together). Hence, if your upper jaw teeth do not fit slightly over your lower jaw teeth, there is a problem to solve. A hereditary problem, malocclusion is a problem that can affect several people of the same bloodline. As well as this, a bad bite can result from the difference between the size of your upper and lower jaws as well as the difference between your jaw and tooth size. Due to malocclusion, some people have abnormal bite patterns or overcrowding teeth. It is assumed that congenital defects like palate and cleft lip are associated with malocclusion. Other known causes include tongue thrusting, thumb sucking, prolonged use of baby bottle and/or pacifier.
Moreover, a bad bite can arise due to having empty teeth sockets, extra teeth, impacted teeth, and misshapen teeth. Improperly placed dental appliances, such as braces, retainers, dental crowns, and fillings, can affect your bite over time. Additionally, if you develop tumors of the jaw and mouth, or encounter a severe trauma that causes misalignment of the jaw, malocclusion is highly likely to occur. Our advice is that you should see a great orthodontist in Miami Gardens today to have your mouth examined and treated for a malocclusion. In the course of this, you will know the cause behind this dental problem.
Categories of malocclusion
Malocclusion is divided into three main categories, that is Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3 malocclusion. Class 1 is the most prevalent type, and it entails a normal bite except that the upper teeth tend to slightly overlap the lower ones. Class 2 malocclusion is as well known as an overbite or retrognathism. It happens when your upper jaw and teeth seriously overlap your bottom jaw and teeth. Class 3 malocclusion, also called an underbite or prognathism, happens when your lower jaw protrudes. This makes this jaw and teeth extend beyond the upper jaw and teeth.
When is the right time to see an orthodontist?
Perhaps you are wondering when it’s time to see your orthodontist. If you think you have a malocclusion problem, call your orthodontist right now. To be precise, seek orthodontic help if you have noticed the following:
- Abnormal teeth alignments such as crowding or crooked teeth.
- Your facial appearance is abnormal.
- Chewing or discomfort when chewing or biting something.
- If you breathe through your mouth without closing your lips.
- Tests and exams.
If you normally attend your semi-annual dental check-ups that are done every six months, then your dentist will have recommended seeing an orthodontist by now. But if you haven’t been doing it, simple but thorough tests and exams will be conducted to determine if you have a malocclusion. While pulling your cheek outward, your orthodontist will ask you to bite down. Then they will watch your back teeth to determine if they come together well. If you have a bad bite issue, your orthodontist Miami Gardens specialist will decide how to treat you. Just to confirm if you have other orthodontic problems, he or she might conduct some dental, facial, or skull X-rays. And as they take them, they will gather diagnostic models of your teeth that will help them diagnose your problem well.
If you are found with imperfect teeth alignment, relax as you are not alone. Besides, your orthodontic issue could be minor and easy to solve without serious treatment. It could also be that you have a serious malocclusion problem that might be expensive to solve. However, we would like you to know that there is a dental professional who has been specially trained to tackle even the most complicated orthodontic matters. By correcting moderate or serious malocclusion, your dental specialist can achieve the following for you:
- Simplify the way you brush and floss your teeth. In the long run, you will enjoy great oral health that is free from cavities and gum diseases—periodontal disease and gum disease).
- Get rid of strain on your muscles, jaws, and teeth and this is advantageous because it can decrease your risk of teeth breakage or TMJ(temporomandibular joint) disorders.
Treatments may include a number of dental appliances. These are:
- Braces and related appliances. These are mostly used for teeth straightening and can vary widely: plastic bonds, metal braces, ceramic braces, Invisalign clear trays, and more. If you want an appliance that is removable and lacks wires, we highly recommend Invisalign.
- Teeth extractions. Some people don’t need dental appliances to have a great smile. Instead, they need to lose one or more teeth to solve their overcrowding teeth issue.
- Repairing rough teeth. These are teeth that look irregular and less attractive. They can be re-shaped, bonded, capped, or adjusted in other ways via dental appliances. So, if you have misshapen teeth, have them repaired by the best orthodontist in Miami Gardens
- Surgical operation. Extremely complicated malocclusions can only be solved via an oral operation. Surgery can reshape your jaw such that it is made either smaller or longer. Then, to stabilize your jaw bone, an orthodontist can use plates, wires, or screws.
After treatment is offered, make sure you brush your teeth after each meal and floss at least once. Second, visit a regular dentist every six months so that your teeth and gums can be cleaned thoroughly. During this time, any orthodontic problem will be noted and solved. In case you end up wearing braces, attend all your dental appointments with your orthodontist near me.
I discovered and treated early enough, malocclusions aren’t hard to treat and treatment is affordable. Teeth and jaw misalignments work best when a child is young, including during the teenage. A child’s bones are soft and their teeth can be moved easily. Another thing to note is that treatment generally lasts for six months to twenty-four months. If you are an adult with a malocclusion problem, your treatment period may be long and successful.
Complications that might occur
Living with malocclusion even though you have been diagnosed with it is not good. It could lead to serious issues later on. However, some treatment options, such as fixed braces, can cause complications. These include tooth decay, discomfort when receiving treatment, gum disease due to braces or other dental appliances, and chewing or speaking impairment in the course of treatment. All in all, your orthodontist will show you how to brush and floss your teeth while wearing braces. And if you experience any form of dental discomfort, you should call a medical professional.
Some bad bite issues cannot be prevented because they are inborn. However, you can help a child stop sucking its thumb and stop the usage of a pacifier or a baby bottle prior to three years of age.
If you have gaps between teeth that seem too wide, and you are embarrassed about it, don’t just stay there. Seek orthodontic help from a helpful expert. This will help you know if have this problem because there is an underlying disease or continuous growth of your jawbone. Known and documented causes of widely-spaced teeth include the following diseases and conditions:
- Morquio syndrome
- Injury or trauma
- Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
- Sanfilippo syndrome
- Shifting of teeth after a tooth extraction or severe gum disease
Notice that normal growth where a child’s jaws are just developing and widening. This is a temporary cause of spaced-out teeth.
When to seek help
If you have tried certain temporary techniques in vain, just go to the right orthodontist Miami Gardens clinic near you. These techniques include the installation of veneers, dental crowns, dental bridges, or dental implants. These appliances are known to close wide gaps between teeth and help the wearer chew food and smile easily. More dental help might be needed if the problem continues. For instance, if your child’s teeth or jaws seem to develop oddly, then seeking help is a must. There might be other symptoms to look out for, that might indicate that there is an underlying disease; and, that’s why seeing an orthodontist is important. Their dental x-rays as well as the skull or facial x-rays will show if there is a disease.
3. TMJ disorders
TMJ or temporomandibular joint is super essential. It has a sliding hinge working mechanism, explaining why we can open and close our mouths with ease. Connecting your jawbone to your skull, temporomandibular joints are found on either side of your jaw, near your ears. This joint, just like other joints in our bodies, is susceptible to certain disorders. The most prevalent one is TMD (temporomandibular disorder) and it is partly responsible for the dental pain felt in the jaw joint or the surrounding muscles.
While it is a common problem, the real cause of TMD is not clear. That’s why the help of a trained orthodontic professional is necessary. He or she will be patient enough to trace the root cause of your discomfort and pain. Sometimes the pain is caused by a number of issues all at once: genes, jaw trauma, and disease like arthritis. As well, a few people with TMD also have bruxism (clenching or grinding of teeth).
When to see your doctor
Even if the pain is not examined by an expert, it can disappear without any surgical operation. Surgery should be your last resort and will only recommend it if they have no other way of eliminating your TMJ disorder. Meanwhile, you are probably wondering whether you need to see an orthodontist. The answer is easy; if you see any of the following symptoms, you have a reason to meet an orthodontist. If the orthodontist determines that you need to see another specialist, he will refer you to an oral surgeon or TMJ specialist.
Most severe TMJ disorders are treated by TMJ specialists and Oral surgeons.
- Pain in one TMJ or both
- Jaw pain or tenderness
- Severe pain in the ear or around it
- Having a hard time chewing due to pain
- Facial pain
- Difficulty opening or closing your mouth is a sign that your TMJ is locked
- Clicking noises when opening your mouth or chewing food.
If you have noises when opening your jaw or chewing food, but without pain, there is probably no need to seek TMD help. On the other hand, persistent pain and discomfort in your jaw indicate a problem. As well as this, the inability to open or close your jaw fully is a sign that you need to be checked now.
Who is at risk?
TMJ disorders usually result from a range of factors. But who is more susceptible to it? It is usually someone who has:
- Bruxism has become chronic and continuous
- An arthritic disorder like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
- Trauma to the jaw
- A connective tissue disease that triggers TMJ issues.
Thus, search for the top orthodontist Miami Gardens doctor now and call to set your first appointment.
Besides the aforementioned issues, you should be checked for bruxism which is the fourth orthodontic issue. As you have noted, teeth grinding and clenching (bruxism) can cause TMJ disorders. Mostly, people clench and grind their teeth without being alert, especially, if it happens at night during sleep. There is also a view that excessive stress can cause bruxism, as well as malocclusion. There are also views that it can result from a poor posture, diet, or inability to relax fully. As it exerts pressure on all structures surrounding your jaw, bruxism can feel like a TMJ disorder. Hence, we feel that the only thing you can do is to visit your orthodontist. Note that malocclusion, TMD, and bruxism seem to be closely related. Thus, you need to know which of these orthodontic problems you have and treat them at this moment.