What Are Wisdom teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the last three molars in the mouth. They are the final set of adult teeth to erupt in the back of the mouth. Usually, people have four wisdom teeth at the very back of the mouth i.e two in the upper jaw and two in the lower one.
An impact wisdom tooth is referred to as a tooth that does not get enough room to arise completely. The reason for its wrong eruption may take place either there is not enough space or tooth angulation is improper. Generally, impacted wisdom teeth erupt at the ages between 45 to 55.
An impacted wisdom tooth can cause pain, destruction to other existing teeth, and other oral issues. Sometimes impacted wisdom teeth don’t create visible problems. Since impacted wisdom teeth cause difficulty in cleaning, people with impacted teeth are more prone to tooth decay and gum disease.
How does Wisdom Tooth infection occur?
The main reason behind wisdom teeth infection is that they are harder to clean. When we ingest food, some leftovers are stuck between the tooth and the gums ending in bacteria formation. Since there is no space between your wisdom teeth and the back of your mouth, it becomes difficult to brush and floss the teeth properly.
Generally, an impacted wisdom tooth doesn’t erupt through the gums correctly. It emerges partially at the wrong angle or grows completely sideways.
Since a partially impacted tooth grows at the wrong angle, it has a higher chance of getting infected. Teeth are infected due to cavities in the mouth. Cavities are damaged areas in the teeth caused by the combination of several factors such as improper teeth cleaning, frequent snacking, and ingestion of sugary food items.
Several types of bacteria including Aggregatibacter, Actinomyces, Streptococcus, Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, Prevotella, and many more lead to a tooth infection.
What are the causes of an impacted wisdom tooth?
Wisdom teeth become impacted because there is no space left for their growth in the mouth. Moreover, when jaw size is too small, it can cause overcrowding of teeth leading to impacted wisdom teeth. They can become twisted, tilted, or displaced.
Impacted wisdom teeth may cause inflammation over the gums around the teeth. The inflammation may lead to an internal infection that causes soreness and tightening of the gums.
Pain in the jaw and headaches are the common symptoms of impacted teeth. The following symptoms arise due to an infection and pressure that the impacted tooth is having on neighboring teeth.
What Are The Risk Factors of impacted wisdom teeth?
You are prone to have wisdom teeth if the age is between 17 and 25 and Your jaw structure is very small.
It is impossible to prevent an impacted tooth but if you practice good oral hygiene, you can avoid potential oral issues.
How is an impacted wisdom tooth diagnosed?
Your dentist will make a deep evaluation to determine whether your wisdom teeth are impacted or not. He or She will prescribe an easy X-ray of your mouth. The X-ray can show effectively whether your teeth are impacted or the bones are hurt or damaged. When your dentist finds that your teeth are impacted, he or she will tell you about the benefits and risks of the surgery.
How are impacted wisdom teeth treated?
When your wisdom teeth cause serious dental problems, your dentist may suggest their extractions. Wisdom tooth extraction surgery is completely an outpatient procedure which means patients can go home the same day after the procedure. An oral surgeon operates wisdom tooth extraction.
During the procedure, an oral surgeon may use anesthetic drugs to numb your mouth, for instance, local anesthesia, or sedation anesthesia, or general anesthesia. The surgeon will make an incision in your gums and pull out the damaged bone before the extraction of the tooth. Then, He or She will close the incision with stitches and protect the area with gauze.
How long does wisdom teeth removal take?
The entire procedure takes about thirty to sixty minutes to complete. In a case when your teeth are fully impacted and grown deep inside gums or jawbone, it may be hard for the surgeon to extract them.
How long does it take for wisdom teeth to heal?
Wisdom teeth removal recovery:
Wisdom teeth recovery may take up to six weeks to completely heal. It may be possible that you won’t be able to open your mouth for a few weeks until wisdom teeth recovery time does not complete. Your dentist may advise you to ingest only soft things until wisdom teeth healing time gets over.
What should a tooth extraction look like when healing?
A blood clot will develop in the treated area within 24 hours of the procedure. This will help stop bleeding. Your body will produce granulation tissue to shield the wound. The tissue forms a creamy white color appearance. It consists of collagen, blood vessels, and white blood cells.
Pain after wisdom teeth removal:
After the procedure, patients may experience bleeding, swelling, and some pain. Want to manage these discomforts! Follow your dentist’s instructions carefully. He or She may prescribe some pain medication and recommend cold compresses.
Rarely, a wisdom tooth hole can develop in the mouth. This can happen when the blood clot does not form properly after the surgery and exposes bone.
You can ask for tooth extraction healing pictures to see the progress.
Is Wisdom Teeth Extraction Necessary?
When your impacted wisdom tooth does not cause severe issues, your dentist might recommend not to treat it. However, some dentists recommend extraction as they think it can create complications in the future.
Therefore, if your dentist decides to skip the surgical procedure, he or she may advise you to visit him on a regular basis for cleaning around your wisdom teeth.
What Are The Possible Complications Of Impacted Wisdom Teeth?
As mentioned above, impacted wisdom teeth are hard to clean, therefore, food trapped between them may lead to cavities or tooth decay and more tooth complications such as;
- Severe infection
- Cavities or tooth decay
- Overcrowded teeth
- Hard teeth cleaning
- Destruction to other teeth
- Gum disease
These potential complications may demand surgery for impacted wisdom teeth.
Wisdom teeth extraction is the commonest procedure to treat or prevent various oral problems. Since the surgery is outpatient, you can return home on the same day. Dentists will recommend eating soft food to avoid pain and discomfort.
Wisdom teeth recovery may complete in three days to seven days or more. It is essential that you follow your dentist’s instructions to aid healing and prevent infection.